Genetics

Genetics

Please read each question carefully and select the best answer by clicking on the corresponding button. The answer key will be provided after the quiz is scored. Streeeetch that mind!

1.

The Human Genome Project (HGP) is the most ambitious project in the history of biology.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
2.

When was the Human Genome Project initiated?

1988
1990
1992
1995
I don't know
3.

The HGP's initial goal was to map the entire human genome by the year ...

2000
2002
2005
2008
I don't know
4.

When was the completion of a rough draft of the genome announced?

In June 1999
In June 2000
In June 2001
In June 2002
I don't know
5.

In experiments with garden peas, who described the patterns of inheritance, observing that traits (now known as genes) were inherited as separate units?

Vavilov, Nikolai Ivanovich
de Vries, Hugo
Mendel, Gregor
I don't know
6.

Until the 1980s, genetic researchers focused their work on the fundamental genetic processes in simpler organisms, such as bacteria, plants, and fruit flies.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
7.

Genes direct the synthesis of proteins, the molecular laborers that carry out all life-supporting activities in the cell.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
8.

Segments along the length of a DNA molecule form genes.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
9.

There are an estimated 100,000 human genes.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
10.

All humans share the same set of genes.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
11.

Some human traits are controlled largely by a single gene.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
12.

Personal experiences and environmental factors combine with genetic influences to shape certain traits.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
13.

In what year did scientists clone a sheep named "Dolly"?

1994
1995
1996
1997
I don't know
14.

Dolly is a namesake for country singer Dolly Parton.

TRUE
FALSE
I don't know
15.

What does eugenics mean?

The activation of cell division by oncogenes.
A science that deals with the improvement of hereditary qualities of a race or breed.
A halt to cell division by tumor suppressor genes.
I don't know
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